Wylam Preschool Playgroup
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Development and Learning

Planning the Foundation Stage

Provision for the development and learning of children from birth to 5 years is guided by ‘The Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage’ (DfE, 2014). There are four overarching principles:

A Unique Child: Every child is a unique child who is constantly learning and can be resilient, capable, confident and self-assured.

Positive Relationships: Children learn to be strong and independent through positive relationships

Enabling Environments: Children learn and develop well in enabling environments, in which their experiences are tailored to their individual needs and there is strong partnership between practitioners, parents and carers.

Learning and Development – Children learn and develop in different ways and at different rates. The framework covers the education and care of all children in early years settings including children with special educational needs and disabilities.

Prime Areas

The framework describes learning and development in 3 crucial Prime Areas:

Personal, Social and Emotional Development (making relationships, self-confidence and self-awareness and managing feelings and behaviour)

Physical Development (moving and handling and health and self-care)

Communication and Language (listening and attention, understanding and speaking


There are also 4 Specific Areas:

Literacy (reading and writing)

Mathematics (numbers and shape, space and measure)

Understanding the World (people and communities, the world and technology)

Expressive Arts and Design (exploring and using media and materials and being imaginative)


Children learn through play and exploration, being active and talking about their ideas and experiences. At playgroup we provide a wide range of opportunities to help children make progress in all 7 areas of the Early Years education programme.


We assess how children are learning and developing by observing them frequently while they are playing, taking part in activities and interacting with other children. As we believe that parents know their children best, we ask you to contribute to assessment by sharing information about your child and his or her achievements. Information is recorded in an ongoing Record of Achievement, which outlines progress children have made.

Between the ages of 24 and 36 months we are required to provide parents and carers with a short written record of their child’s development in the three Prime Areas. Your child’s Key Person will carry out this check using information from observational assessments, discussion with parents and carers and contributions from any other professionals involved.